Home fire safety

Fires can easily start in your home leading to tragedy for you and your family.

Home fire safety

ACT Fire & Rescue responded to more than 210 house and structure fires in 2021. 

Take the time with your household to create a fire escape plan, check your smoke alarms are working, and have a fire blanket or extinguisher on standby. 

Only use a fire blanket or fire extinguisher within the first few seconds of ignition if you feel confident.

When fire takes hold, get out, stay out, and call Triple-Zero (000).















Common causes of house fires include:

Fire safety in apartments

There are a number of easy steps you can undertake to keep safe in your apartment or high rise buildings.

Plan for a fire or emergency

  • Your home escape plans will be a little different to the average single storey house. Think of the following tips before you have a fire in your apartment building:
  • Familiarise yourself with your building’s fire escape plan. If you cannot find one speak to your owner’s corporation
  • Know where the fire exits, fire stairs and firefighting equipment are located. Only use firefighting equipment if you feel confident and safe in doing so
  • Make an escape plan with your family and other occupants. Include a back-up option in case your initial plan of escape is blocked. Also include an arranged safe meeting place outside the building


What to do in case of a fire

  • Stay calm and get everyone out as quickly as possible.
  • Respond immediately when alerted to a fire in your building. Evacuate to your pre-planned safe meeting place.
  • Don’t waste time investigating what’s happened or trying to save valuables.
  • Don’t use lifts in a fire. Use emergency exits or fire stairs. Fire stairs provide a path leading you to a safe place away from the building.
  • Get out, stay out and call Triple Zero (000). Never go back inside a burning building.


Fire safety on balconies

You can reduce the risk of fires occurring on your balconies by following the steps below to ensure your safety and prevent property damage.

  • Always store gas bottles outside, upright and away from sources of heat. Always turn off the gas bottle when not in use.
  • When using a barbeque maintain a safe distance of 1m from exterior walls, anything else that could burn, as well as any electrical ignition sources.
  • Smokers should use heavy, high-sided ashtrays (made of glass, ceramic or metal) to prevent them tipping over. Always fully extinguish cigarettes.
  • Remove rubbish, clutter and flammable items from balconies and keep furniture away from exterior walls.
  • Keep all materials including clothes at least 1 metre clear of air conditioner units.
  • Keep a dry powder fire extinguisher easily accessible. Use only in case of a small fire and if you feel physically and mentally able.

Apartment Safety Factsheet (PDF- 1.12MB)



Before use, ensure you clean the barbecue thoroughly and check all gas and electric connections for cracks, splits and wear.

You can check for leaks by spraying soapy water on the connections. A bubble will form if there is a leak.

Do not use a barbecue inside a garage or other enclosed area due to the potential build up of harmful smoke and fumes.

To avoid grease fires, ensure that the grease pan or dripping pan is cleaned regularly.

Face the facts

Cooking on a barbecue usually involves gas or electricity with high temperatures, so you should take the following precautions:

  • Set up the barbecue on a firm level base in a well ventilated area, away from flammable objects;
  • Keep children and pets at least two metres away from the barbecue when cooking;
  • Use long-handled barbecue utensils and flameproof mitts;
  • Do not light a barbecue with the lid closed;
  • Keep a fire extinguisher, fire blanket or garden hose nearby in case of fire;
  • Do not wear loose-fitting clothing when cooking;
  • Make sure you turn off the gas cylinder when you have finished;
  • Never leave the barbecue unattended when cooking;
  • Do not use petrol to light wooden fuel barbecues.

BBQs fact sheet [.PDF 300KB]



Candles, when used safely, create ambiance, but can also create a fire risk.

If you must use candles, keep burning candles one metre away from furniture, drapes, bedding, carpet and other flammable materials.

Always use a proper candleholder that is heat resistant, sturdy and large enough to hold dripping wax, especially on wooden furniture or cloth-covered surfaces.

Flashlights and battery powered lights are a safer light source than candles during a power failure.

Face the facts

Candles used for any reason including decoration, aromatherapy or lighting can pose a fire risk.

  • Make sure candles are extinguished when leaving the room or going to sleep;
  • Never let children have lit candles in their room;
  • Do not have candles where they can be knocked over by children or pets,
  • Never spray an aerosol can near a candle;
  • Keep matches and lighters high up and out of the way of children;
  • Try to avoid walking with a candle ; and
  • Do not put candles on windowsills.

Candles fact sheet [.PDF 801KB]

Clothes Dryers

Clean your lint filter reguarly.

Clothes dryers in Canberra are very useful, but they can also be a source of ignition for a fire if not used correctly.

Always follow the manufacturer’s instructions especially with installation.

Do not use the dryer if it is making unusual noises, for example rubbing/grinding sounds or if the timer is not functioning properly.

Face the facts

Clothes dryers can be source of ignition for a fire. It is important to follow some basic rules when using a clothes dryer.

  • Do not overload your clothes dryer;
  • Do not put dripping wet clothes into a dryer;
  • Clean the lint filter regularly;
  • Do not turn on the dryer then leave the house;
  • Do not place clothes or other items on or around the clothes dryer;
  • Make sure the area where the clothes dryer is being used is well-ventilated.

Clothes dryers fact sheet [.PDF 815KB]

Electric Blankets

Electric blankets are a potential fire hazard if not used and stored correctly.

Do not leave electric blankets turned on during the day, as objects such as clothes, pets, bedding or other heavy objects can cause overheating and fires.

Electric blankets should be turned on half an hour before going to bed and then turned off when getting into bed.

If you remove your electric blanket during the summer months, ensure that it is stored correctly. Electric blankets should be rolled not folded. Alternatively, leave the blanket on the bed, as it will remain flat.

Face the facts

Follow these tips to reduce the risk of a fire in your home:

  • Inspect the electric blanket for discolouration caused by overheating or wear and tear before use (brown spots may indicate the blanket is overheating);
  • Make sure the controls are not twisted or caught between the mattress and the bed base;
  • Never sleep with the electric blanket on;
  • Electric blankets are not recommended for use where bed wetting may occur;
  • Be especially diligent when children are using electric blankets;
  • Do not wrap the electric blanket around yourself.

Electric blankets fact sheet [.PDF 804KB]

Power points and power boards

“Keep it neat and it won’t overheat”

ACT Fire & Rescue is urging residents to consider what electrical fire hazards they may have in their home this winter.

The focus of this year’s annual Winter Home Fire Safety campaign focuses on kitchen fire safety.

The message to the community is “Keep it neat and it won’t overheat”. Overloaded power points and power boards can overheat and cause a fire in your home.

overloaded power boards

Face the facts

To prevent this from happening:

For more tips on electrical safety, phone 132 281 or visit ActewAGL

Power points and power boards fact sheet [.PDF 720KB]


Careless disposal of smoking materials and cigarettes can cause fires to occur. Most smoking fires start in the bedroom, living room or office when cigarettes or burning embers are dropped on upholstered furniture, bedding or into rubbish containers.

Before leaving a room where people have been smoking, carefully check between lounge chair crannies and under cushions. A cigarette can smoulder in furniture and go unnoticed for up to five hours and still cause a fire.

Be especially watchful of any smoker who is drinking alcohol or is sick in bed and may be smoking.

Keep a watchful eye on elderly or handicapped persons who smoke. Being physically impaired can increase the likelihood of smoking material causing a fire.

Face the facts

  • Not allowing smoking in the home is the safest way to prevent fires;
  • If you do smoke inside the home have plenty of ashtrays available;
  • Ashtrays that are large and deep are the safest;
  • When cleaning and empting ashtrays into the bin, make sure all cigarette butts are completely extinguished;
  • Never smoke in bed;
  • Keep matches and lighters away from children;
  • Teach children to inform an adult of the location of any matches and lighters they find; and
  • Always have a working smoke alarm in your home, especially if people smoke inside.

Smoking fact sheet [.PDF 340KB]

Christmas safety


The festive season brings a number of extra fire risks to the community and your family.

Face the facts

Here are some precautions you should take to keep your family and friends safe during the Christmas period.

  • Check Christmas lights carefully for frayed wires, bare spots in insulation, broken or cracked sockets and excessive kinking or wear before putting them up.
  • Do not overload electrical circuits or power boards.
  • Dispose of live tress quickly after the Christmas period before they dry out and become a fire hazard. Also dispose of wrapping paper quickly and safety.
  • If bulbs blow in Christmas decorations, replace them quickly;
  • Do not leave Christmas lights on when you go out or when you go to bed;
  • Do not let bulbs touch anything that can burn easily, like paper or other decorations;
  • Use only non-flammable or flame-retardant artificial trees and decorations;
  • Do not place candles near trees, decorations, presents or other flammable objects;
  • Do not use party poppers, silly string or other party streamers where there are naked flames from candles etc;
  • Please make sure all guests know your home safety plan when they are staying in your home, including exits, where keys for deadlocks are kept and the location of fire extinguishers and fire blankets.

Christmas safety fact sheet [.PDF 291KB]

Heater safety

Heaters are an essential item in Canberra but, if not used correctly, they can cause fires.

Heating safety involves correct installation and maintenance, the supervision of children and pets, safe clearance distances, use of correct fuels and adherence to the manufacturer’s instructions.

Keep heaters well clear of items that might burn. A minimum of one metre clearance from clothes, bedding furniture, curtains and other combustibles is required to make your home safe.

Face the facts

Here are some helpful tips to ensure you use heaters in a safe manner:

  • Heating equipment should be installed by a qualified tradesperson in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions:
  • Maintenance of heating equipment should be carried-out as recommended by the manufacturer:
  • For portable heating, choose models that have automatic safety switches that turn the heater off if tipped over:
  • Keep portable electric heaters away from wet areas to avoid the possibility of electric shock:
  • Always use a fire screen in front of open fires:
  • Children and pets must be supervised when heaters are in use:
  • Flues and chimneys should be cleaned once a year to prevent a build-up of flammable material and ensure the heater functions correctly : and
  • Ensure only the approved fuel is used in liquid fueled heaters.

Heater safety fact sheet  [.PDF 801KB]

Kitchen Fire Safety

ACT Fire & Rescue recommends the following kitchen safety tips:

  • Never leave cooking unattended
  • Make sure pot handles are facing inwards
  • Keep stoves, ovens and exhaust fans free of grease and fat build-up
  • Keep tea towels and electrical leads away from the stove
  • Wear clothes with tight fitting sleeves when cooking
  • Put a lid on a pot or pan if it catches fire – never pick it up and carry it
  • Have a fire blanket and extinguisher (e.g. CO2 or dry powder) in the kitchen
  • Ensure there is a working smoke alarm
  • Have a fire escape plan in place and practice it regularly.

Kitchen fire safety fact sheet [.PDF 810KB]

Ceiling Safety

ceiling fire

Investigations into structure fires in the ACT have found a number of them started in the ceiling or roof space of properties.

The incidents have involved bathroom fans and down-lights being covered with insulation, contributing to the build-up of heat and ensuing ignition of combustible materials.

Investigations have found dust and other materials including insulation around electrical transformers, down lights and exhaust fans may have been a contributing factor to heat build-up, and ultimately ignition.

ACT Fire & Rescue has found there is no direct evidence to suggest poor installation of insulation as the cause of these incidents.

It is possible that work activities in the roof by other trades people or householders may have caused insulation to cover electrical equipment.

ACT Fire & Rescue reminded contractors and residents of the importance of keeping insulation clear of heat generating equipment in the roof space.

When working in a roof space you should always:

  • Down-lights, light transformers, exhaust fans and chimneys must have regular inspections to ensure there is no build up of material which may prevent the escape of heat, or prevent equipment from operating in a safe manner; and

  • Ensure any combustible material is not dislodged and placed over heat generating devices which can ultimately start a fire.